The recent discussion in Ghana has now been LGBTQ + and its associated issues. Many people have spoken on the subject and I would like to add my opinion to it. From my observations, some people make real arguments to support their position while others shift the focus of the whole affair into controversy. I will first explain the democratic logic behind LGBTQ + as a right from a Western perspective, explain some of the reasons why others reject LGBTQ + and restrict the discussion to the broad Western democracy in Africa and how its experience should inspire African leaders to take a good position, culturally.
The situation that Ghana and other African countries are facing is that African countries have borrowed Western democracy from the West and Westerners tell them that their current practice of democracy is corrupt because it restricts personal rights. of some people and that they should revise their scope of democracy to include the LGBTQ + right to serve the interests of all. Democracy preaches that individuals should have the right and the freedom to make personal decisions.
From a philosophical point of view, for a country to grant a right to its citizens, it is necessary to verify whether, yes or not, this freedom or this right will lead to personal decisions of individuals which will not disturb the peace and the stability of the country. , the economy among other national parameters. For example, if some groups demand the legalization of marijuana on the basis that it will be a personal decision to enjoy this right, it can be argued that marijuana has the potential to influence the behavior of people to act abnormally in society and for this reason it will increase the crime rate in the state. On this real basis, such a right cannot be granted.
Another consideration to be made is whether or not the law in question will possibly conflict with other critical state laws or if it is simply a matter of expanding existing laws to cover it. Again, checks should be made to determine that by adding a new right or freedom to existing rights, said request is inherently democratic or not. Therefore, LGBTQ + law and its supporters conclude on these grounds above and African countries including Ghana must consider them.
Those who fight for LGBTQ + are calling for democratic inclusion, not an imposition on the people. They claim a right in democracy: a matter of choice just as whether or not to participate in the vote is a matter of personal choice, just as whether or not to join a religious organization is a matter of personal choice, all within the framework of our democratic practice. .
Having explained the democratic nature of LGBTQ +, few reasons need to be refuted.
Personally, I disagree with people who reject LGBTQ + people on their religious grounds. If the Bible or the Koran is the main reason you reject LGBTQ + people, then you are confusing a constitutional and national issue with a religious issue. In Ghana, for example, it is the constitution of 1992 that governs Ghanaians and not the Christian Bible or the Muslim Koran. Producing Bible or Quranic verses to argue against LGBTQ + reduces the argument from substantial national discourse to verbal discourse and a crude form of equivocation. Not all Ghanaians are Christians or Muslims and it is wrong to use their religious standards to judge national issues of this nature. not the Bible or the Koran.
THEREFORE, a simple rejection or acceptance of LGBTQ + will not be fair; real reasons must be invoked to authenticate the position on the acceptance or rejection of LGBTQ + law. In fact, a recent discovery of LGBTQ + offices indicates that some people are probably interested and interested in them. In order for such a decision to be made, African countries should take into account factors such as cultural factors, economic factors, social factors, health factors, psychological factors, short term effects and long term effects. long term. The remaining position focuses slightly on culture.
Culturally, African countries have already borrowed Western democratic culture to supplant their old system of rules and practices. Culture has an intellectual part which has to do with the way society thinks. In fact, the intellectual part serves as a link between culture and civilization. Again, the culture of each society is gathered from the experiences of the society and therefore exists for the welfare of the whole society. In reality, some cultures become civilized because the intellectual aspect fails to produce ideas, innovations and systems to raise the well-being of the whole society to a better level. It requires the act of borrowing the cultural ones.
However, this does not mean that said developed culture should be adopted blindly. It should be scrutinized and / or, if possible, contextualized according to the behavioral and psychological nature of the people in the borrowed culture. By connecting these Africans to Western democracy, African countries are already suffering from democratic challenges as no attempt has been or has been to contextualize the system in the African context. The practice of democracy has led to wars on the continent, the division of our people into allied parties in our different countries where one becomes an enemy to belong to a different political party, people’s opportunities depend on the presence or not of their ruling parties, political parties are mostly identified by tribes and not by ideologies, criticizing a government is life threatening, businesses are deliberately closed and jobs are lost due to different political affiliations.
Meanwhile, because Western democracy has proven itself in cultural life for many centuries, they really understand it and practice it well. The status quo is that, there are democratic challenges that African countries are struggling with, so if Westerners adopt a new law that they have introduced, African leaders should not blindly accept it when considering its consequences in the health, social, economic and psychological fields and whether it will articulate over time with African culture to avoid other democratic externalities.
WE have so many challenges to face as a continent, but we must position ourselves in a way that we develop without destroying ourselves. Even though this decision could influence our foreign policies towards some countries that promote the practice of LGBTQ +, leaders should firmly stand up for the truth, whether it is bitter for the foreign world or for the locals. WHO AM I TO TAKE A POSITION HERE WHEN JOYCE IS THE NAME OF MY LOVE?
BA economics with philosophy,
University of Ghana, Legon.